Tax Cuts and Jobs Act: Author Edition: Individual Mandate

With a document that’s 1,101 pages long, it can be hard to sift through to the “good stuff” (i.e., what will directly impact the average author). Here’s one piece: The removal of the individual mandate from the Affordable Care Act.

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What Was It Like Before? 

In case you missed it (please email me and let me know how you could have, as a citizen of the United State of America, missed any reference to the individual mandate because that is probably an amazing story), the individual mandate was a provision of the Affordable Care Act that penalized you at the end of the year if you had not had ‘approved’ health insurance for any number of months during the previous year.

For example, if you couldn’t afford to pay both your premium and your mortgage, you might have skipped on the insurance premium and gone without coverage for the last three months of the year. This would have resulted in you having a penalty assessed and multiplied by three months.

For some people, my younger brother was the example in my life, this wasn’t a big issue. He was being charged $220 for individual, catastrophic health insurance. However, since he is one of those people who never seems to need any medical treatment or hospitalization (Alien? Demi-god? Who knows!), he opted to not get coverage. He was penalized for it with a whopping…$300 fee. So, as most intelligent people would, he decided to keep $2,640 in his pocket throughout the year and just pay the measly $300 out of his tax return.

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What’s Going to Be Different? 

Under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (T’Caja? ^_^) this mandate will no longer be in force as of January 1st, 2019. This means that my brother could keep his main $2,640 AND not have to pay a $300 penalty for not purchasing something he didn’t want / need.


What Does This Mean For Us Specifically?

As authors, this means that we’ll need to prepare to shop around for insurance products that will protect us (and, indirectly, our family members) as well as fit our budget. Don’t just buy the first policy you come across. From what I’m hearing in my writing groups, some people have already been policy-shopping with the ACA, and others have not. Shopping policies is the only way to make sure you get the best possible deal.

My hunch is that, because people won’t be mandated to get insurance any more, there will be more of a push for insurance companies to provide competitive health insurance arrangements for individuals. So, pay attention to the prices now and compare them to prices this time next year and in the early months of 2019. Look for the cheapest coverage you can get that still protects you as you need to be protected. For us, this specifically means finding policies with affordable coverage for orthopedic and vision issues, such as carpal tunnel syndrome or eye exams, and offering incentives for doing things like losing weight (since writing is a sedentary activity).

It also means that, if you want coverage, you’re going to have to remember to get it. There won’t be a penalty hanging over your head any more. You will have to take the initiative to get out there, shop, and make a final purchase of a policy. If you’re like me, this can be difficult because our brains are going 10,000 miles a minute with thoughts ranging from cover design, to final scenes, to characters, and proposed release dates. I put reminders like this in my paper planner AND on my phone, just to be safe.


Where Is This Stuff? 

Page 153. I’ve copied the basic text for you below, but you can click this link to view the entire document yourself (including citations and references to other parts of the T’Caja)!

H. Elimination of Shared Responsibility Payment for Individuals
Failing to Maintain Minimal Essential Coverage
(sec. 11081 of the Senate amendment and sec. 5000A of the Code)

Present Law

Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act352 (also called the Affordable Care
Act, or “ACA”), individuals must be covered by a health plan that provides at least minimum
essential coverage or be subject to a tax (also referred to as a penalty) for failure to maintain the
coverage (commonly referred to as the “individual mandate”).353 Minimum essential coverage
includes government-sponsored programs (including Medicare, Medicaid, and CHIP, among
others), eligible employer-sponsored plans, plans in the individual market, grandfathered group
health plans and grandfathered health insurance coverage, and other coverage as recognized by
the Secretary of Health and Human Services (“HHS”) in coordination with the Secretary of the
Treasury.354 The tax is imposed for any month that an individual does not have minimum
essential coverage unless the individual qualifies for an exemption for the month as described

The tax for any calendar month is one-twelfth of the tax calculated as an annual amount.

The annual amount is equal to the greater of a flat dollar amount or an excess income amount.

The flat dollar amount is the lesser of (1) the sum of the individual annual dollar amounts for the
members of the taxpayer’s family and (2) 300 percent of the adult individual dollar amount. The
individual adult annual dollar amount is $695 for 2017 and 2018.355 For an individual who has
not attained age 18, the individual annual dollar amount is one half of the adult amount. The
excess income amount is 2.5 percent of the excess of the taxpayer’s household income for the
taxable year over the threshold amount of income for requiring the taxpayer to file an income tax
return. The total annual household payment may not exceed the national average annual
premium for bronze level health plans for the applicable family size offered through Exchanges
that year.

Exemptions from the requirement to maintain minimum essential coverage are provided for the
following: (1) an individual for whom coverage is unaffordable because the required
contribution exceeds 8.16357 percent of household income, (2) an individual with household
income below the income tax return filing threshold, (3) a member of an Indian tribe, (4) a
member of certain recognized religious sects or a health sharing ministry, (5) an individual with
a coverage gap for a continuous period of less than three months, and (6) an individual who is
determined by the Secretary of HHS to have suffered a hardship with respect to the capability to
obtain coverage. 

House Bill
No provision.

Senate Amendment

The Senate amendment reduces the amount of the individual responsibility payment,
enacted as part of the Affordable Care Act, to zero.
Effective date.−The provision is effective with respect to health coverage status for
months beginning after December 31, 2018.
Conference Agreement
The conference agreement follows the Senate amendment.

Book Review: ‘Paris Is Really For Lovers’ by Scarlet Cassadine

Volo Press Book Review

Will you fall in love with ‘Paris is Really for Lovers’ by Scarlet Cassadine? I’ll outline what it was like to read it for me and you can decide for yourself if your money would be well-spent on this piece of fiction labeled as contemporary romance.




I had about as hard of a time reading this book as I had reading 50 Shades of Grey. Yet, I do it for a few reasons. First, because it does help me feel better about my own writing (and we all know my self-esteem is not the highest). Second, it concretely helps me see what doesn’t work in a piece so that I can avoid those types of pitfalls in my own. Third, if I’ve already paid for it and it’s written by an indie author, I’m going to finish it in support of someone who is doing what they love, regardless of what my opinion about it may be.

Why It Was So Difficult To Finish


Imagine you have a close friend who is still learning English, has never been the most coherent storyteller, and is completely shit-faced. If you can visualize that person trying to tell you the story of how she met and married her second husband, you get a feel for what it’s like to try to read and comprehend what goes on in this book.

And, as I request of my own beta readers in their reviews, I won’t just toss that opinion out there and let it sit. I’ll back up what I noticed. Just so that you’ve been warned, “a knock appeared at the door” 🤔 and the use of ‘then’ in place of ‘than’ are rampant throughout this piece.

Here are just a few more examples of sections that shocked me–especially since, in the opening, someone was credited with having edited the book!  😱

The first few lines of the story:

It was all planned. 

Planned on how Tia Ambers was going to be able to have a full mental break from her home-bound duties.

Sadly, it was at this point that I realized reading this book was going to be grueling. And I was not proven wrong. I put ‘full mental break’ in orange because I believe I understand what she meant, but I have most often heard ‘mental break’ being used to describe acute psychosis due to my professional background.


A few paragraphs later:

He popped the trunk and unloaded her suitcase and carry-on tote brief case bag.

That’s a lot of different types of bags in a single product. Is it really all of those at the same time, was this a typo, or is this really what that author meant to say?


And a few paragraphs after that:

She was 14 when her parents took her [to Paris for the first time]. She remembered how huge the Eiffel Tower was and also the food was different. It was richer in spice and flavor and very decorative. Nothing plan or bland about it. And all the buildings and outskirt drives. 

‘And’ would suffice, as would a simple comma before ‘also.’ ‘The food was richer in spice…’ would flow just fine instead of breaking the idea up into two different sentences. The last part is just dangling out there on its own. There are a lot of lines like that in this book.


So, as you can see, there are a lot of clarity issues in the book. What I’ve shown you so far happens in just the front 4% of the book. You’ve got 96% more of this to deal with.


The Characters

There didn’t seem to be any character development here. The people listed were more like pawns that did whatever Cassadine wanted them to if it seemed convenient for her at the time.

Tia overwhelmingly allows herself to be moved around by the people surrounding her. She’s a constant damsel-in-distress. She does nothing about the fact that her husband is cheating on her, for example. Another guy, Paul, actually sets up a meeting with a divorce lawyer FOR HER in order to get it done–he even takes her to the meeting himself.

Paul does a lot of work for on Tia’s behalf–even buys the house the Ambers have been living in from Tia’s parents so she can continue living in it without issue–yet he never gets angry or resentful, he never seems exhausted or questioning of the relationship or Tia. He just takes everything in stride and is the perfect gentleman everywhere but in the bedroom.

These issues with character realism were most noticeable after Tia got raped. Once they did have sex again for the first time in a while, Tia had no hesitancy about the act. Then, even when Paul (for who knows what reason) physically restrains her with his hands during sex (as was done to her during the rape), she’s perfectly fine with it, even says she “loved it.”

The vast majority of people I’ve worked with who have experienced rape have trouble having any intimate contact for months, often years. And intimate contact can be something as simple as a touch, holding hands, or kissing. But it seemed to me that, because Cassadine was ready to write the rest of the book, she just pretended that the rape didn’t affect Tia very strongly and kept on with the story.

The Plot

In a nutshell:

Tia goes on a trip to Paris and meets a man, Paul, who works at a competing company and sweeps her off her feet. She decides she wants to leave her cheating husband and be with Paul. She’s raped by a guest staying in the same hotel as her one night and Paul gets her treated for her wounds. Paul lets her heal at his nearby estate and they return to the United States together after Paul offers her a job and her own company when she’s ready. After Tia accepts the job offer, Paul initiates and facilitates Tia’s divorce from her husband. Paul buys Tia’s house from Tia’s parents. Tia finds out she’s pregnant with Paul’s child. Paul proposes. Tia accepts. Tia decides to go on a trip to Mississippi to see an aunt she hasn’t met with in over 10 years. The end. 

That’s the ‘plot,’ but I don’t recognize a story arc. Tia didn’t change as a person, only her circumstances were manipulated by Paul. There was no real tension or mountain to climb. There were little mole hills that Paul launched her over or that magically went away, but nothing that she had to work through on her own.

Another oddity was that Paul’s ex-wife came to a business event Tia had organized for the company. Paul disappears with his ex somewhere, but Tia loses track of them. She goes to the bathroom and hears them having sex in one of the stalls. She sees Paul step out of the stall after his ex, wash his lips, and leave the bathroom. AFTER THAT is when Tia decides to tell Paul that she’s pregnant, then Paul proposes, then she accepts. Again, it’s like the bathroom incident didn’t take place. Or, maybe Tia doesn’t care, but that would seem odd because she just divorced somebody who cheated on her.



Overall Rating: 1 / 5 stars

⭐ __ __ __ __

I can’t in good conscience recommend spending money to read this book. There are so many issues that need to be addressed before I would even deem it a complete work of fiction. But, that’s just my opinion.

If you still want to read it, click the cover image below.



You Lose $21 Every Time You Buy Paper

save money paper volo press

It may seem obvious to some, but I’ve recently run into fellow authors who believed they were really getting a deal by paying $5.00 for a ream of paper or maybe $40 for a 5,000-sheet case. I can’t see how 1.1 cents per sheet or $4 for a ream is a deal (then again, I have to be resourceful with my budget.).

Below is a basic rundown of a recent search I did online that gives you some cheaper options. The last case I bought lasted me multiple years due to digital sharing, critiquing, and delivery being standard for most of my publishing and editing needs. Don’t waste money on something you might not even use that often. Bulk up and store it, like I did!
For 5,000 sheets of white copy/multi-purpose, 92-bright, 20-lb paper: $51 = $0.0102 per sheet / $5.10 per ream

Office Depot (Sale): $33 = $0.0066 per sheet / $3.30 per ream

Office Depot (Standard): $49 = $0.0098 per sheet / $4.90 per ream

Costco: $37 = $0.0074 per sheet / $3.70 per ream

Sam’s Club: $30 = $0.0060 per sheet / $3.00 per ream

For this search, Sam’s crushes the competition with a mere six tenths of a penny per sheet, compared to Amazon’s 1+ penny per sheet (almost twice as much!).

Even comparing total bills, you would save $21 by purchasing paper at Sam’s, versus online with Amazon (sadly, $30 of that $51 was JUST SHIPPING!).

Wholesale Membership

For those of you who don’t have a membership to a place like Costco or Sam’s (use this link and get $20 for joining), please consider signing up. For between $40 and $50 per year, you can rack up some fantastic savings, even if you never purchase bulk food there.

For example, when my bank account’s looking a little faint, I love to go to Sam’s to grab lunch (or dinner…or a snack…you get the picture).

Why? Because I can get a slice of pizza larger than my hand and an extra large drink of my choice for less than $2.50. Most places will charge you that much just for the drink. So, conservatively, you’re looking at at least $5 for the same lunch anywhere else.

If I eat lunch like this at Sam’s just twice a week, I’ll save $20 a month or $240 per year. This is how a $50 membership exponentially pays off! And this isn’t counting other home essentials I buy for my family, including paper towels, shampoo and conditioner, toilet paper, laundry detergent, or dish soap.

The discounts are similar for other non-perishables like pens, dishes, desks, books, bulk notebooks and writing pads, dry erase markers, and more.

If you found this post helpful, how would you have felt if you had gotten this information 6 months ago when I first sent it out to my writing newsletter subscribers? Sign up now and get these kinds of tips, tricks, and knowledge sent straight to your inbox twice each month!